UC Santa Barbara General CatalogUniversity of California, Santa Barbara

Geography

Division of Mathematical, Life, and Physical Sciences
1832 Ellison Hall
Telephone: (805) 893-3663

Undergraduate matters: (805) 893-4944 Email: ugrad_adv@geog.ucsb.edu
Graduate matters: (805) 893-4929 E-mail: grad_assistant@geog.ucsb.edu

Website: www.geog.ucsb.edu
Department Chair: Dan Montello


 

Some courses displayed may not be offered every year. For actual course offerings by quarter, please consult the Quarterly Class Search or GOLD (for current students). To see the historical record of when a particular course has been taught in the past, please visit the Course Enrollment Histories.

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Collapse Courses Lower Division 
GEOG 2. World Regions
(4) STAFF
Enrollment Comments: Open to non-majors.
An examination of the interdependency, connectivity and diversity that ch aracterizes world regions. The course explores the interactions of process es of global change with the environmental and social identities of indiv idual landscapes, cities and peoples.
GEOG 3A. Oceans and Atmosphere
(4) DICKEY, SIEGEL
Enrollment Comments: Quarters usually offered: Winter, Fall.
Introduction to the oceans and atmosphere and their role in the Earth's cli mate and its weather patterns. Focus on the flows of solar energy through the ocean and atmosphere systems. Human impacts of the Earth's climate ar e also introduced.
GEOG 3B. Land, Water and Life
(4) CHADWICK, ROBERTS
Enrollment Comments: Quarters usually offered: Winter, Spring.
Study of the interactions among water, landforms, soil, and vegetation that create and modify the surface of the Earth. Impacts of physical environment on human societies and humans as agents of environmental change.
GEOG 5. People, Place, and Environment
(4) STAFF
Enrollment Comments: Quarters usually offered: Winter, Spring, Summer, Fall.
Survey of spatial differentiation and organization of human activity and interaction with the Earth's biophysical systems. Sample topics include hum an spatial decision-making behavior, migration, population growth, econom ic development, industrial location, urbanization, and human impacts on t he natural environment.
GEOG 7. Energy, Water, and Climate
(4) GAUTIER
Oil and water are two key strategic resources dominating the international scene. This class provides an overview of global distributions of oil and w ater resources and analyzes some of the social, economic, and geopolitical ramifications of these distributions.
GEOG 8. Living with Global Warming
(4) GAUTIER
Overview of global warming and climate change processes. Description of c omplex relationships between scientific, technological, economic, social, political, and historical facets of global warming and climate change. In troduction to the concept and practice of climate modeling.
GEOG 12. Maps and Spatial Reasoning
(4) CLARKE, JANOWICZ, STAFF
Surveys properties of maps, emphasizing map use and interpretation. Lectu re topics include map abstraction, generalization, map projections, and s ymbolization. Special purpose maps, thematic maps, and the display of qua ntitative and qualitative information is considered.
GEOG 20. Geography of Surfing
(4) SWEENEY
Social and physical science concepts manifested in the sport of surfing. To pics include wave generation and forecasting, economics of the surf indus try, spatial search, strategic behavior under crowding, territorialism, a nd the generation/diffusion of regional surf cultures.
Collapse Courses Upper Division 
GEOG 101. Transportation Futures
(4) CHURCH
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Recommended Preparation: Geography 5.
Introduction to transportation problems involving energy, the environment, congestion, infrastructure, and future trends. Historical perspective on t ransportation innovations and their impacts on urban form. Reviews current problems, including the movement of freight and the development of transit- oriented neighborhoods.
GEOG 102. Introduction to Environmental Optics in Physical Geography
(5) ROBERTS
Prerequisite: Geography 3A-B, and 115A.
Recommended Preparation: high school trigonometry.
Basic physical principles of electromagnetic radiation in the environment a nd their application to physical geography and remote sensing. Radiative tr ansfer in the atmosphere, oceans, snow and ice, inland waters, rock, soil, and vegetation. Spectral signatures in remote sensing.
GEOG 104. Physical Geography of the World's Oceans
(4) WASHBURN
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing or consent of instructor.
Recommended Preparation: Geog 3A
Introduction to the processes which control the circulation of the world's oceans. Topics include: wind driven circulation, thermohaline circulation, water masses, waves, and tides.
GEOG 108. Urban Geography
(4) COUCLELIS, SWEENEY
Prerequisite: Geography 5.
Introduction to the study of the economic geography of cities and regions a nd its relation to planning: urbanization, internal structure of cities, settlement systems, regional growth and development, migration, transport ation, housing.
GEOG 109. Economic Geography
(4) SWEENEY
Prerequisite: upper-division standing only
Recommended Preparation: Geography 5.
Introduction to the study of spatial economic theories with applications at the urban, regional, and global scales. Topics include settlement system dynamics and regional development, land economics and land use policies, and regional inequality and poverty.
GEOG 110. Introduction to Meteorology
(4) CARVALHO
Prerequisite: Geography 3A.
An introduction to the dynamics of the earth's atmosphere. Topics include: energy exchange mechanisms, energy balance, condensation and precipitation processes, the dynamics of pressure and wind systems, and the distributions of weather disturbances.
GEOG 111A. Transportation Planning and Modeling
(4) GOULIAS
Prerequisite: Geography 5.
Recommended Preparation: Geography 117 or equivalent, introductory probability and statistics.
Issues, problems, technologies, policies, plans, programs, and the transpor tation-environment relationship. Transportation systems simulation, trip-ba sed and activity data collection and modeling. Applications in planning, de sign and operations. Lab: Critically examine transportation plans and progr ams; explore and analyze travel surveys.
GEOG 111B. Transportation Modeling and Simulation
(4) GOULIAS
Prerequisite: Geography 111A.
Recommended Preparation: A prior course in probability & statistics and regression methods. Economic s 140A-B.
Enrollment Comments: Quarters usually offered: Winter, Spring.
Multilevel data in time use, activity, and travel surveys. Revealed and sta ted choice data collection in laboratory/field studies. Regression models. Systems simulation. Applications in policy analysis and traffic operations. Lab: Data analysis to develop models for typical regional simulations.
GEOG 112. Environmental Hydrology
(4) LOAICIGA
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Recommended Preparation: Geography 3B.
Enrollment Comments: One one-day weekend field trip required.
Analysis of the water cycle with emphasis on land-atmosphere interactions, precipitation-runoff, flood, snow melt, and infiltration processes.
GEOG 113. The Alaskan and Arctic Environments Under Siege
(4) DICKEY
Prerequisite: Geography 3a or Earth Science 4.
The purpose of this class is to learn about the geography of Alaska and t he Arctic, including its history, climatology, oceanography, ecology, eco nomics, and cultures. A variety of Alaskan and Arctic issues will be add ressed, including indigenous people, climate change effects, natural reso urces, pollution, and political and military significance.
GEOG 114A. Soil Science
(5) CHADWICK
Prerequisite: Chemistry 1A-B; and Geography 3B or Geology 2.
Enrollment Comments: Same course as Environmental Studies 114A.
Introduction to the chemical, hydrological, and biological characteristics of soils, their global distribution, and response to management. Field and laboratory projects provide an understanding of soil-landscape distribution , soil morphology, and the physical and chemical properties that influence management decisions.
GEOG 114B. Soil Genesis and Classification
(5) CHADWICK
Prerequisite: Geography 114A.
Enrollment Comments: Same course as Environmental Studies 114B.
Introduction to chemical, physical, and biological processes that produce s oil and influence their management. Soil morphology, genesis, classificatio n, and global distribution emphasized. Labs cover field site selection, soi l description, sampling, laboratory preparation of samples and selected che mical and physical analyses.
GEOG 115A. Remote Sensing of the Environment 1
(5) MCFADDEN
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Recommended Preparation: Geography 3A; and Geography 12 or W 12
Introduction to theory and methods of aerial photography and satellite re mote sensing for studying Earth’s environment, from natural vegetation to urban areas. Lab develops fundamental skills in the acquisition, interpre tation, and analysis of digital remote sensing imagery.
GEOG 115B. Remote Sensing of the Environment 2
(5) STAFF
Prerequisite: Geography 115A with a minimum grade of C.
Properties of satellite imagery and tools required to process data from r emote sensing systems. Topics include spectral and spatial enhancement, i mage classification, geometric and radiometric correction, with emphasis on applications. Lab includes analysis of optical, thermal, Lidar, and ra dar data.
GEOG 115C. Remote Sensing of the Environment 3
(5) STAFF
Prerequisite: Geography 115B with a minimum grade of C.
Advanced image processing, including data fusion and resampling technique s, atmospheric corrections, global navigation satellite systems, and hype rspatial sensors with emphasis on applications. Lab is centered around pr ojects (e.g., glacial and vegetation changes in mountain environments) with poster presentation of results.
GEOG 116. Groundwater Hydrology
(5) LOAICIGA
Prerequisite: GEOG 3B or EARTH 2; or consent of instructor.
Enrollment Comments: Same course as Geology 173.
Analysis of groundwater flow in complex geologic environments, aquifer prop erties, wells and groundwater contamination, surface water-groundwater inte ractions. Laboratory: basic groundwater experiments, Darcy's law, flow nets , solute dispersion, field measurements of bedrock groundwater, analysis of pumping-test data.
GEOG 117. Scientific Research Methods in Geography
(4) MONTELLO
Prerequisite: Geography 5; and, Geography 3A or 3B.
Recommended Preparation: Introductory statistics.
Introduction to scientific research methods in human, physical, and techniq ues geography. Topics include: scientific logic and philosophy, physical me asurement, surveys, experimental and nonexperimental research designs, comp utational modeling, sampling, data analysis and display, written and oral c ommunication, and research ethics.
GEOG 119. Climatic Change and Its Consequences
(4) JONES
Prerequisite: Geography 3A or Geography 8 or Earth Science 2 or Earth Science 3 or Earth Science 4 or consent of instructor.
Mechanisms and processes which produce climate change. Methods for reconstr ucting paleo-climates. Impacts of past climate change on human societies.
GEOG 126. Maps in Science and Society
(4) CLARKE
Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.
Recommended Preparation: Geog 12
The growth of geodesy, printing, and technology; exploration of the earth a nd near planets; topographic surveys and photogrammetry; LANDSAT; relation of contemporary thematic cartography to statistics and graphic science.
GEOG 128. Analytical and Computer Cartography
(4) CLARKE
Prerequisite: Geography 12.
Using computers to create and analyze maps. Coding, storing and representin g geographical data. Accessing spatial data over the internet. Map data s tructures and transformations. Design and programming issues in map produ ction.
GEOG 130. The Urban Environment
(4) MCFADDEN
Prerequisite: Geography 3B or Environmental Studies 2 or permission of the instructor.
Environment and climate of cities, suburbs, and other settlements, focusi ng on the built environment, soils, water, solar radiation, atmosphere, v egetation, and human thermal comfort. Students produce field reports on a range of sites along an urban to exurban gradient.
GEOG 132. Coastal Pollution
(4) NIDZIEKO
Prerequisite: GEOG 3A
A survey of the source and fate of pollutants in the coastal ocean, focus ing specifically on the physical processes that govern the transport of n utrients, sediment, hydrocarbons, and human pathogens in coastal ecosyste ms. Material includes readings from scientific papers, grey literature, a nd news media in order to develop intuition for how transport phenomena f rame both pollution issues and solutions.
GEOG 133. Tropical Meteorology
(4) CARVALHO, JONES
Prerequisite: Geography 110 with a grade of C or better.
Description of tropical atmosphere. High and low frequency variability: hur ricanes, monsoon, El Nino, satellite observations, and modeling.
GEOG 134. Earth System Science
(4) KING, ROBERTS
Prerequisite: Geography 3A or 3B or equivalent course.
Recommended Preparation: Two prior upper-division courses in physical geography.
Description of various components of earth system: climate and hydrologic systems, biogeochemical dynamics, ecological dynamics, human interactions , and global change. Observations and modeling of earth system.
GEOG 135. Mock Environmental Summit
(4) GAUTIER
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing or consent of instructor.
Enrollment Comments: May be repeated for credit to a maximum of 12 units but only 4 units may beapplied to the major.
A mock summit in which students act as representatives of different countri es participating in environmental treaty negotiations. Students work in t eams of four or five to prepare a presentation and discussion of environm ental issues of concern (energy, greenhouse gasses, etc.).
GEOG 135S. Intense Mock Environmental Summit
(4) GAUTIER
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing or consent of instructor.
Enrollment Comments: May be repeated for credit to a maximum of 12 units but only 4 units may beapplied to the major. Summer course only. This intensive course is taughtfor 3 weeks during summer quarter.
Mock summit in which students act as representatives of different countries participating in environmental treaty negotiations. This three-week course immerses students in the topic of global change and its associated policies , mimicking pressures and intensity at real environmental summits.
GEOG 137. Quantitative Geomorphology
(5) BOOKHAGEN
Prerequisite: Geography 3B; or, Earth Science 2
Recommended Preparation: Basic knowledge of MATLAB
Enrollment Comments: Concurrently offered with Geog 237.
Basic quantitative understanding of processes shaping Earth's surface. In -depth evaluation of hill slope diffusion, mass wasting, and fluvial proc esses. Applications of quantitative methods are emphasized throughout cla ss. Laboratory provides understanding of isotopic, physical, and remote s ensing data.
GEOG 138. Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere: An Introduction
(4) GAUTIER
Prerequisite: Geography 102.
Atmospheric physics and dynamics from a remote sensing perspective. Clouds, precipitation, temperature, and humidity profiles. Weather patterns and sys tems.
GEOG 140. Environmental Impacts in Human History
(4) ROBERTS
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing; or consent of instructor.
Recommended Preparation: Geography 3A or 3B; and Geography 5.
Interactions between human history and the environment are explored. Exam ple topics include early Earth history, long term climate change, the ori gin of agriculture, short term climate change, the origin of importance o f disease and invasive species.
GEOG 141A. Population Geography
(4) LOPEZ-CARR
Prerequisite: Geography 5 or equivalent course.
Various geographic dimensions of human population dynamics: fertility, mo rtality, and migration. The concepts and language of demography are intro duced. The causes and consequences of population dynamics are investigate d, including links among population, environment, and development.
GEOG 141B. Population and Development
(4) SWEENEY
Prerequisite: Geography 141A.
A survey of global and regional patterns of demographic change and their connection to significant economic development issues. Basic methods of d emographic analysis are introduced to study historical and current issues i n population and development.
GEOG 141C. California Population Analysis and Policy
(4) SWEENEY
Prerequisite: upper-division standing only
Recommended Preparation: Geography 141A.
Introduces methods of demographic analysis used in local/regional policy an alysis and planning. Course modules focus on population policy issues in Ca lifornia; such as, immigration, K-12 enrollment planning, affordable housin g/land preservation, and planning for an elderly population.
GEOG 142. Global Biogeochemical Cycles
(4) KING
Prerequisite: Geography 3A or 3B; or, Environmental Studies 2; or, Earth Science 1; or, Chemistry 1A.
Recommended Preparation: Introductory natural or physical science course in Earth system science.
Enrollment Comments: Open to non-majors. Quarters usually offered: Spring.
examines processes driving element and energy cycling through the Earth s ystem. Aim is to understand global patterns of element fluxes, dynamic na ture of element/energy cycles, and prediction of biogeochemical cycling w ith changes in climate and human impacts.
GEOG 144. Form, Process, and Human Use of Rivers
(4) KELLER, LOAICIGA
Prerequisite: Mathematics 3A-B or 34A-B.
Recommended Preparation: Physics 1 or 6A-AL or Geology 117, Geography 3B.
Enrollment Comments: Same course as Environmental Studies 144.
Basic understanding of fluvial (river) hydrology. In-depth evaluation of ch annel form and fluvial processes and impact of human use on rivers.
GEOG 145. Society and Hazards
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing or consent of instructor.
Enrollment Comments: Open to non-majors.
Presents geographic approaches to the study of environmental hazards, exp loring the evolution of theory and key concepts, causal processes, trends and patterns in the spatial distribution of vulnerability and hazard impa cts, and the challenge of management and adaptation.
GEOG 146. Introduction to Transportation
(4) CHURCH
Prerequisite: Geography 5.
Introduction to the analysis of inter- and intra-city passenger and freight movements. Geographic and economic concepts are used to develop predictive and optimal design/maintenance models for the transportation system. Applic ations of the models are stressed.
GEOG 148. California
(4) MICHAELSEN
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing or consent of instructor.
The unique landscapes of California and the physical, cultural, and biotic processes which have produced them.
GEOG 149. The California Channel Islands
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: MCDB 1A-1AL and EEMB 2; or MCDB 20 or EEMB 20 or Geography 3A or 3B or Geol ogy 2 or Environmental Studies 2.
Enrollment Comments: Same course as Environmental Studies 111.
Discussion of biological, geological, ecological, anthropological, and ocea nographic characteristics of the Channel Islands area as well as the manage ment and human uses of this region. Emphasis on islands and ocean waters of f Southern California.
GEOG 150. Geography of the United States
(4) MONTELLO
Prerequisite: Not open to freshman.
Intensive study of the physical and cultural processes that have shaped a nd are shaping the landscapes of the United States.
GEOG 152. Health Geography
(4) CASSELS, STAFF
Prerequisite: Geography 5
Geographic approaches to health, disease, and well-being, with an emphasi s on health disparities and inequalities. Topics include social determina nts of health, migration, the natural and built environment, vaccines, de velopment, and globalization and health.
GEOG 153A. Behavioral Geography
(4) MONTELLO
Prerequisite: Geography 5
Examines aspects of the human-environment interface, emphasizing behavioral processes in spatial contexts including spatial choice and decision making, consumer behavior, migration and other episodic movements, time budgets, sp atial cognition, cognitive mapping.
GEOG 153B. Introduction to Spatial Decision Making and Behavior
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Geography 5.
Gateway for the spatial decision making and behavior field. Includes enviro nmental cognition; consumer spatial behavior; migration; space-time budgeti ng; destination and mode choice; risk and hazard perception; spatial prefer ence. Laboratory sessions involve locational and city management simulation games.
GEOG 153C. Environmental Perception and Cognition
(4) MONTELLO
Prerequisite: Geography 5.
Research and theory on human perception and cognition of environments. Topi cs include spatial perception, spatial learning, knowledge structures, navi gation and wayfinding, language and spatial cognition, map use, the spatial skills of special populations, and other issues.
GEOG 153D. Spatial Decisions in Retailing
(4) CHURCH, GOODCHILD
Prerequisite: Geography 5 or consent of instructor.
Applications of spatial decision-making and behavior to retail systems: sit e selection, site evaluation, trade area estimation, spatial dimensions o f retailing, and bricks vs. clicks retailing.
GEOG 155. Geography of Latin America
(4) CARR
Prerequisite: Geography 5 or Global Studies 1 or 2 or Environmental Studies 1 or 2 or 3.
El Pueblo, a vila, li tenamit: however you call where you live, geography m atters. How and why are human and physical patterns inscribed where they are on the Latin American landscape?
GEOG 158. Introduction to Marine Resources
(4) SIEGEL
Prerequisite: Geography 3A-B.
Recommended Preparation: Geography 104.
Introduction to the marine resources of the California coast. The interplay of oceanographic, climatic, biogeochemical and geologic factors and the i nfluences of humankind will be addressed. Topics include: climate, circul ation, biogeography, fisheries, marine mammals, petroleum, pollution and exploration history.
GEOG 159. Geography of Europe
(4) COUCLELIS
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing or consent of instructor.
A systematic approach to the study of the human and physical resources of E urope. Special emphasis placed on the spatial aspects of urban, economic, a nd social processes.
GEOG 161. World Agriculture, Food, and Population
(4) CLEVELAND
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Enrollment Comments: Same course as Environmental Studies 149.
Evolution, current status, and alternative futures of agriculture, food a nd population worldwide. Achieving environmentally, socially, and economi cally sustainable food systems; soil, water, crops, energy and labor; d iversity, stability and ecosystems management; farmer and scientist knowl edge and collaboration; common property management.
GEOG 162. Environmental Water Quality
(4) LOAICIGA
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Recommended Preparation: Geography 3B, lower-division biology and chemistry.
Enrollment Comments: Same course as Environmental Studies 162.
Study of physio-chemical and biological characteristics of natural waters, analysis of water pollution and treatment, water-quality regulations. Labor atory: independent and supervised research on water pollutants and treatmen t, quantitative analysis of water-quality data and one-day field work.
GEOG 163. Ocean Circulation
(4) SIEGEL, WASHBURN
Prerequisite: Geography 3A or Earth Science 4.
Enrollment Comments: Not open for credit to students who have taken Geography 163A.
Examination of the general circulation of the oceans and its impact on gl obal climate and climate change. Topics include properties of seawater, f orces driving ocean currents, wind and buoyancy generation of basin scale circulations, and their impact on global climate.
GEOG 165. Waves and Tides in the Ocean
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing or consent of instructor.
Recommended Preparation: Geography 104.
Enrollment Comments: Spring; offered in even-numbered years.
Examination of waves and tides in the ocean. Topics include surface waves, wave generation, internal waves, tides, and tide raising forces. Measuremen t techniques are also discussed.
GEOG 167. Biogeography: The Study of Plant and Animal Distributions
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Geography 3A or 3B or Environmental Studies 2 or EEMB 2 or Earth Science 2.
Recommended Preparation: a prior course in EEMB.
Enrollment Comments: Same course as Environmental Studies 167.
Basic processes governing geographic distribution patterns of biota, includ ing migration, evolution, isolation, and endemism. Biogeographic regions and their histories and an introduction to island biogeography. Emphasis on plants and plant geography. One all-day field trip.
GEOG 168. Field Studies in Biogeography
(4) STILL
Prerequisite: Geography 167 or consent of instructor.
Recommended Preparation: Geog 114A or Env S 100 or EEMB 141.
Intensive field and laboratory course on ecological and biogeographical phe nomena, including plant and soil processes, and microclimates. Course utili zes UC Natural Reserve sites. Field measurements are taught, including vege tation and soil sampling, dendrochronology, ecophysiology, and basic microm eteorology.
GEOG 169. Cultural and Biological Diversity of Food Plants
(4) CLEVELAND
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Recommended Preparation: Geography 161 or Environmental Studies 149
Enrollment Comments: Same course as Environmental Studies 158.
The evolution of food plants from domestication to genetic engineering. Pat terns of diversity around the world in small-scale, traditionally-based and industrial communities. Class participation in project on local olive diver sity includes field work.
GEOG 171BT. Biotechnology, Food, and Agriculture
(4) CLEVELAND
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Recommended Preparation: Geography 161 or Environmental Studies 149.
Enrollment Comments: Same course as Environmental Studies 166BT. Course offered every other year.
Social, cultural, ethical, biological, and environmental issues surrounding biotechnology (BT) and food systems. Includes theory and method of BT; scie ntific, social, and political control of BT; effect of BT on genetic dive rsity, small-scale farmers, environment, food supply, consumer health.
GEOG 171FP. Small-Scale Food Production
(5) CLEVELAND
Prerequisite: Geography 161 or Environmental Studies 149. Consent of instructor requir ed.
Enrollment Comments: Same course as Environmental Studies 166FP.
Biological, ecological, social, and economic principles of small-scale food production and their practical applications. Includes each student cultiv ating a garden plot; lab exercises, field trips to local farms and gardens.
GEOG 172. Intermediate Geographical Data Analysis
(5) KYRIAKIDIS, SWEENEY
Prerequisite: Statistics and Applied Probability 5AA-ZZ or Ecology, Evolution & Marine Bi ology 30 or Psychology 5 or Communication 87.
Statistical analysis of geographical data. Topics include spatial auto-corr elation, multiple regression in spatial context, and introductory methods f or analyzing point, area (lattice), and continuous spatial data. Lab includ es the use of statistical software for analyzing various spatial data types .
GEOG 175. Measuring our Environment
(5) ROBERTS
Prerequisite: Geography 3A and 3B.
Recommended Preparation: Geography 102 and 110.
Enrollment Comments: Quarters usually offered: Fall.
Introduction to measurement and interpretation of physical-environmental data (temperature, humidity, precipitation) and integrated environmental measures (e.g. potential evapotranspiration). Working with micrometeorolo gical towers deployed across an environmental gradient, students develop and test hypothesis using real-time tower data.
GEOG 176A. Introduction to Geographic Information Systems and Science
(4) CLARKE, JANOWICZ, KUHN
Prerequisite: Geog 12 or Geog W 12
Comprehensive overview of Geographic Information Systems and Science. Top ics span the nature of geographic information and the procedures for oper ating GIS. Labs provide hands-on experience with GIS and related software .
GEOG 176B. Technical Issues in Geographic Information Systems
(5) CLARKE, JANOWICZ
Prerequisite: A minimum grade of C in Geography 176A.
Study of the technical issues underlying geographic information systems, including coordinate systems and analytic geometry, database models and s tructures, algorithms and analytical procedures. Laboratory analysis of d igital geographic information from physical and social sources.
GEOG 176C. GIS Design and Applications
(5) CLARKE, JANOWICZ
Prerequisite: Geography 176B with a minimum grade of C.
Applying GIS theory and techniques to solve problems in land and resource management, utilities, and municipal government. Covers all stages of a G IS project: planning, design, analysis, and presentation. Students collab orate to design, develop, and present a GIS pilot study.
GEOG 178. Conceptual Modeling and Programming for the Geo-Sciences
(5) JANOWICZ
Recommended Preparation: Geography 176A or Earth Science 176
A project-based course introducing major conceptual modeling paradigms and object oriented programming from a Geoinformatics perspective. The class is intended for undergraduate students from Geography and the broader G eo-Sciences who have limited (or no previous)experience in software engin eering.
GEOG 181A. GIScience Research
(4) CLARKE
Prerequisite: Geography 176A.
Enrollment Comments: Concurrently offered with Geog 281A. Quarters usually offered: Winter.
Introduction to GIScience as an academic research field, conducted throug h review, discussion, and presentation of seminal works from leading jour nals. Labs reinforce and develop students' existing techniques on proble ms of research- level difficulty in spatial analysis, cognition, and mobil e GIS.
GEOG 181B. GIScience Studies
(4) CLARKE
Prerequisite: Geog 181A.
Enrollment Comments: Concurrently offered with 281B. Quarters usually offered: Spring.
Builds on previous course through in-depth examination of topics chosen b y interests of leading professor. Labs emphasize development of advanced spatial analytical skills, cutting edge visualization techniques and spat io-temporal modeling. Course concludes with an individual GIScience pr oject.
GEOG 182. Global Cities in the Information Age
(4) COUCLELIS
Prerequisite: Geography 5.
Study of the economic, social, and political networks that link together ci ties of global importance. Specializations and roles of global cities in th e information age economy. Examination of individual cities at the top tier s of the global urban hierarchy.
GEOG 183. Cartographic Design and Geovisualization
(4) CLARKE
Prerequisite: Geography 12 or 176A
Technical introduction to graphic representation and visualization of geo graphic information. Lectures cover static and dynamic design aspects, th ematic mapping, interface design, animation, and 3D. Labs provide experie nce designing thematic maps and constructing basic GeoVis tools with cu rrent software.
GEOG 184. Introduction to Cartographic Programming
(4) CLARKE
Prerequisite: Computer Science 5 and Geography 12.
Introduces the student to cartographic programming principles. Instruction will emphasize structured decomposition, device independence and reusabilit y in cartographic software. Lab work will provide students with hands-on ex perience with implementing a reusable cartographic library.
GEOG 185A. Geography Planning and Policy Making
(4) COUCLELIS
Prerequisite: Geography 5 or Environmental Studies 116.
Relevance of geographic knowledge and skills to aspects of planning and pol icy making. Includes review of core concepts in decision making, planning t heory, systems analysis, information systems, urban and regional modeling, forecasting, impact analysis, implementation of decisions, planning policie s.
GEOG 185B. Environmental Issues and Location Decision Making
(4) CHURCH
Prerequisite: Geography 3A or 3B or 5 or Environmental Studies 135A.
Enrollment Comments: Taught spring quarter every year.
Introduction to decision-making techniques with regard to land use allocati on and planning. Emphasizes addressing conflicts involving environmental co ncerns and multiple objectives. Examples include water resources developme nt, corridor location (rights-of-way), preservation of endangered species, and power plant siting.
GEOG 185C. Local and Regional Economic Analysis
(4) SWEENEY
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing
Recommended Preparation: Geography 108 or 109.
Introduces methods of economic analysis used in local/regional policy analy sis and planning. Course modules focus on planning and policy issues in Cal ifornia related to inter-regional income inequality, industry structure/com petitiveness, and regional occupational labor markets.
GEOG 190. Location Theory and Modeling
(4) CHURCH
Prerequisite: Geography 5 or 108 or 109.
Recommended Preparation: Mathematics 3A or 34A.
Survey of basic types of location problems encountered in the modern worl d and techniques used by analysts in government and industry to solve the m. Relationships to classic location theory and models stressed. Students will experiment with actual location models on computer.
GEOG 191. Introduction to Optimization Methods for Geographic Problems
(4) CHURCH
Prerequisite: Mathematics 3A, or 34A. Upper-division standing.
Enrollment Comments: Quarters usually offered: Winter. Offered in even-numbered years
Introduction to "Operations Research" methods that are used in the analysis of geographic problems, including linear programming, network programming, integer programming, and dynamic programming. Example problems involving sp atial temporal decision making are emphasized.
GEOG 191L. Laboratory in Optimization Methods for Geographic Problems
(1) CHURCH
Prerequisite: Geography 191 or concurrent enrollment.
Computer laboratory utilizing special optimization programs and computer gr aphics devices.
GEOG 193. Internship in Geography
(1-4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing in geography; consent of department.
Enrollment Comments: Students must have an overall grade-point average of 3.0.
Practical experience and research on geographical problems under faculty di rection as interns with local, state, and federal agencies, with private re search and development firms, and with other business organizations. Period ic and final reports required.
GEOG 194. Field Studies in Geography
(1-4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.
Enrollment Comments: May be repeated for credit. May require course fee.
Field-based investigation of geographic characteristics of specific places and regions. Human and/or physical phenomena may be emphasized. Field trips may include visiting parks, industrial sites, government facilities, wildla nds, or urban areas. Scope, emphasis, and requirements subject to change.
GEOG 195AAZZ. Selected Topics in Geography
(2-4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Enrollment Comments: May be repeated once for credit provided subject matter differs.
Geographic curriculum content that lies outside regularly scheduled courses . New classes under development or taught temporarily. Course number-letter combination reflects instructor. Content varies.
GEOG 195DR. Selected Topics in Geography
GEOG 195JM. Selected Topics in Geography
GEOG 195KJ. Selected Topics in Geography
GEOG 195LC. Selected Topics in Geography
GEOG 197. Careers in Geography
(2) STAFF
Recommended Preparation: Completion of required lower-division Geography courses.
Enrollment Comments: Designed for majors. Quarters usually offered: Winter.
Provides a foundation for the career planning process and post-college life . Opportunities for Geographers, with their tradition of interdisciplinar y and integrative thinking and skills, are numerous and expanding. Throug h lecture, discussion, interactive workshops, speaker panels and more, students will develop a career portfolio.
GEOG 198. Readings in Geography
(1-2) STAFF
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing; completion of two upper-division courses in geogra phy; consent of instructor.
Enrollment Comments: Students must have a 3.0 grade-point average. Geography 198 may be repeatedfor credit to a maximum of 10 units, but only 5 units may be applied toward the major. Students are limited to five units per quarter and 30 unitstotal in 98/99/198/199/199AA-ZZ courses combined.
Designed to provide in-depth directed inquiry into a topic of interest to t he student.
GEOG 199. Independent Studies in Geography
(1-5) STAFF
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing; completion of two upper-division courses in geogra phy; consent of instructor.
Enrollment Comments: Students must have a 3.0 grade-point average. GEOG 199 may be repeated for credit to a maximum of 10 units, but only 5 units may be applied toward themajor. Students are limited to five units per quarter and 30 units total in98/99/198/199/199AA-ZZ courses combined. GEOG 199 is an honors course and is required for those seeking distinction in the major.
Independent geographical research conducted under the guidance of Geography faculty. Topic and scope varies, as specified by student and supervisory fa culty member prior to registration.
GEOG 199RA. Independent Research Assistance in Geography
(1-5) STAFF
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing; completion of two upper-division courses in geogra phy; consent of instructor.
Enrollment Comments: Students must have a 3.0 grade-point average. Geography 199RA may be repeated credit to a maximum of 10 units, but only 5 units may be applied toward the major. Students are limited to five units per quarter and 30 units total in 98/99/198/199/199AA-ZZ courses combined.
Selected research under the direction of a faculty member.
Collapse Courses Graduate 
GEOG 200A. Introduction to Geographic Research
(2) STAFF
Enrollment Comments: Required of all geography graduate students. Normally taken in fall quarterof entering academic year.
Presentation and discussion by department faculty of research areas in the department. Systematic and technique areas of emphasis will be presented, a s well as department facilities and research collaborations with other inst itutions.
GEOG 200B. Introduction to Geographic Research
(4) LOPEZ-CARR
Prerequisite: Geography 200A or approval of graduate committee.
Enrollment Comments: Required of all geography graduate students. Normally taken in winter quarter of entering academic year.
Fundamental issues of research in geography and related areas: the geograph ic perspective, scientific reading/writing and problem formulation, researc h techniques, the scientific enterprise, and science and society.
GEOG 200C. Introduction to Geographic Research
(2) STAFF
Prerequisite: Geography 200A or approval of graduate committee, and Geography 200B. Requi red of all geography graduate students.
Enrollment Comments: Normally taken in spring quarter of entering academic year.
Directed readings and research leading to a draft thesis proposal (MA stude nts) or a systematic literature review in prospective dissertation area (Ph .D. students); participation in seminars discussing ongoing graduate resear ch.
GEOG 201. Seminar in Geography
(2) STAFF
Enrollment Comments: Required of all geography graduate students every quarter offered.
A series of seminars on diverse problems in human and physical geography, a nd geographic techniques, by current and visiting faculty and researchers .
GEOG 202A. Remote Sensing and Environmental Optics
(5) ROBERTS
Prerequisite: Geography 115A.
Principles of radiation emission; radiative transfer equation and some solu tion methods; surface interactions; instrumentation; applications to remote sensing and energy budgets in atmosphere, ocean, and other media.
GEOG 208. Water Resource Systems Analysis
(4) LOAICIGA
Recommended Preparation: Geography 112 and 116; upper-division calculus and statistics. Computer p rogramming or object-oriented programming desired (Matlab, Mathematica, Exc el).
Quantitative methods (operations research, applied mathematics and statisti cs, numerical simulation) are used to analyze and synthesize complex wate r resources systems. Topics include economic analysis, hydropower, flood control, groundwater management, and reservoirs.
GEOG 209L. Pedology Lab
(1) CHADWICK
Prerequisite: Must be taken concurrently with Geography 209.
Independent projects that include field site selection, soil description, s ampling, laboratory preparation of soil samples, and chemical and physical analysis designed to resolve specific hypotheses.
GEOG 210A. Analytical Methods in Geography I
(4) DEVRIES, SIEGEL
Prerequisite: Geography 172-172L, or equivalents.
Introduction to analytical methods for geography research. Topics include: calculus, differential equations and linear algebra. Emphasis is placed on solving geographically relevant problems and their documentation.
GEOG 210B. Analytical Methods in Geography II
(4) KYRIAKIDIS
Prerequisite: Geography 210A.
Enrollment Comments: Not open for credit to students who have completed Geography 206.
Statistical principles and practice of analyzing geographical data. Topics include bivariate and multiple regression and other multivariate techniques . Emphasis on exploratory data analysis and graphical techniques.
GEOG 210C. Analytical Methods in Geography III
(4) KYRIAKIDIS
Prerequisite: Geography 210B.
Overview of key concepts in spatial statistics, including measures of spati al association and models for spatial regression, point processes and ran dom fields. Geostatistical methods for analysis and interpolating continu ous and area (lattice) data.
GEOG 211A. Transportation Planning & Modeling
(5) GOULIAS
Prerequisite: Introductory probability and statistics.
Issues, problems, technologies, policies, plans, and the transportation-en vironment relationship. Transportation systems simulation, data collection, and model building. Applications in planning, design, and operations. Lab: Critically examine transportation plans and programs and explore travel sur veys.
GEOG 211B. Transportation Modeling & Simulation
(5) GOULIAS
Prerequisite: Geography 211A.
Recommended Preparation: Geography 210B and Geography 210C or equivalent.
Enrollment Comments: Concurrently offered with GEOG 111B. Lectures are same as Geography 111B, graduate students are expected to estimate original models, write a final paper, and give a research seminar in class.
Transportation data collection, travel survey design. Revealed and stated c hoice data and their collection in laboratory and field studies. Regression models and systems simulation. Applications in policy planning and operatio ns. Lab: Data analysis, model development, testing in typical regional simu lation.
GEOG 211C. Activity and Travel Behavior Analysis
(4) GOULIAS
Prerequisite: Geography 211B.
Recommended Preparation: Geography 210C or equivalent.
Enrollment Comments: A final synthesis paper and oral presentation are required.
Time-use, activity analysis, travel behavior in space, time, and social con text. Cross-sectional and longitudinal data collection and analysis with em phasis on using time, travel, technology, information, and telecommunicatio n. Applications using simultaneous equations, multilevel, latent class, and structural equations models.
GEOG 214A. Advanced Remote Sensing: Passive
(5) ROBERTS
Recommended Preparation: At least one prior course in remote sensing advised.
Passive remote sensing (VIS/NIR, thermal, microwave). Discussion of advance d sensors, techniques, modeling, and applications in each spectral region. Includes computer-based laboratory exercises. A final paper and oral presen tation of a research project using remote sensing is required.
GEOG 214B. Advanced Remote Sensing: Active
(5) ROBERTS
Recommended Preparation: At least one prior course in remote sensing advised.
Discusses advanced sensors, techniques, modeling, and applications of activ e remote sensing including Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR)and Light Detect ion and Ranging (LIDAR). Includes computer-based laboratory exercises. Fi nal paper and oral presentation of research project using remote sensing is required.
GEOG 217. Scientific Research Methods in Geography
(4) MONTELLO
Introduction to scientific research methods in human, physical, and techniq ues geography. Topics include: scientific logic and philosophy, physical me asurement, surveys, experimental and nonexperimental research designs, comp utational modeling, sampling, data analysis and display, written and oral c ommunication, and research ethics.
GEOG 224. Methods of Regional Analysis
(4) SWEENEY
Prerequisite: Geography 108 and 185B.
Seminar focusing on advanced methods of regional economic and population analysis. Topics vary but may include one or more of the following: multi- regional projection, stochastic population forecasts, I-O analysis, and/or regional econometric models.
GEOG 225. Urban Problems
(4) COUCLELIS
Recommended Preparation: Geography 108 and 153B.
Detailed studies of selected social, economic, and physical problems relate d to modern cities.
GEOG 229. Environmental Perception and Cognition
(4) COUCLELIS, MONTELLO
Theories and methods related to acquiring, representing, and analyzing know ledge of complex large-scale environments.
GEOG 230. Behavioral Geography
(4) COUCLELIS, MONTELLO
Survey of behavioral approaches in a variety of areas of geography.
GEOG 231. Cognitive Issues in Geographic Information Science
(4) COUCLELIS, JANOWICZ, MONTELLO
Prerequisite: Graduate students only.
Theory and research on cognitive issues in geographic information science . Perception, memory, reasoning, communication, human factors in digital worlds.
GEOG 232. Cartographic Transformations
(4) CLARKE
Prerequisite: Mathematics 3A or 34A.
Classical map projections; cartograms; empirical "rubber sheeting"; bidimen sional regression. The geometry of geography: geodesics; geographical circl es; the distortion tensor; nonsymmetric distances.
GEOG 237. Quantitative Geomorphology
(5) BOOKHAGEN
Prerequisite: Geography 3B; or, Earth Science 2; or, equivalent.
Recommended Preparation: Upper-division calculus; computer programming or object-oriented programmin g desired (MATLAB, Python).
Enrollment Comments: Concurrently offered with Geog 137.
Basic quantitative understanding of processes shaping Earth's surface. In-d epth evaluation of hill slope diffusion, mass wasting, and fluvial proces ses. Applications of quantitative methods are emphasized throughout class . Laboratory provides understanding of isotopic, physical, and remote sen sing data.
GEOG 241A. Population Geography
(4) LOPEZ-CARR
Enrollment Comments: Not open for credit to students who have completed Geography 241.
Advanced substantive investigation of the geography of human population. Th e geographical dimensions of fertility, mortality, and migration are explor ed. Important recent and classic demographic literature is reviewed.
GEOG 241C. Spatial Demography
(4) SWEENEY
Prerequisite: Geography 210A, 210B, and 210C or equivalent.
An introduction to mathematical and statistical demography. Primary emphas is is on spatially-explicit methods: multiregional life tables, multiregion al projection, spatial statistics/econometrics applied to population, and l ife course analysis of migration. Matlab and SAS are used for applications.
GEOG 243. Vegetation-Atmosphere Interactions
(4) MCFADDEN
Graduate seminar on fundamental processes that determine how terrestrial vegetation affects water, energy, and carbon exchanges at Earth's surface , from plant leaves, to individuals, landscapes, and the globe. Integrati on of this knowledge with land-surface biophysical models and remote se nsing.
GEOG 244. Society and Hazards
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Graduate standing.
Enrollment Comments: Open to non-majors. Lecture same as Geog 145. Graduate students attend additional discussion.
Reviews of the contribution of human geography to the study of hazard risk, vulnerability, mitigation and adaptation. Classic and new theoretical and empirical literature is explored, emphasizing the connection between deve lopment processes, social equity and hazard vulnerability.
GEOG 246. Earth Systems Science: Hydrologic Modeling
(4) LOAICIGA
Recommended Preparation: Geography 112 and 116; upper-division calculus and statistics; computer or object- oriented programming desired (Matlab, Excel).
Quantitative and computational study of land-atmosphere hydrologic intera ctions; modeling of surface water and groundwater processes, regional gro undwater systems and solute transport.
GEOG 249. Earth System Science: Ocean-Atmosphere Dynamics
(4) DICKEY
Prerequisite: Mathematics 5C, Geography 104, and Geography 110, or equivalent.
Present basic and modified equations of motion for rotating fluids to expla in large-scale ocean and atmosphere motions. Topics include: geostrophic approximation; conservation of potential vorticity; Ekman transport and p umping; quasi-geostrophic approximation baroclinic instability; Rossby and Kelvin waves.
GEOG 254. Demography
(4) CASSELS, LOPEZ-CARR, SWEENEY
Core concepts of demography are covered, including theory and methods rel ating to migration, fertility, and mortality. Thematic topics include int ernal and international migration, maternal and child health, and aging . Local and regional, historical and contemporary demographic transition dynamics are explored. Lecture with class discussions.
GEOG 255. Geography of Latin America
(4) CARR
Enrollment Comments: Concurrently offered with GEOG 155. Concurrent with Geography 155.
Graduate seminar supplements Geography 155 with further exploration of prim ary texts probing historical and spatial patterns of society, politics, and demographics with emphasis on human-environment interactions. Students disc uss assigned reading and present in class, and write a term paper.
GEOG 258. Conceptual Modeling and Programming for the Geo-Sciences
(5) JANOWICZ
Recommended Preparation: Geography 176A or Earth Science 176
A project-based course introducing major conceptual modeling paradigms and object oriented programming from a Geoinformatics perspective. The class is intended for graduate students from Geography and the broader Geo-Scie nces who have limited (or no previous)experience in software engineerin g.
GEOG 261. Ocean Optics
(4) DICKEY, SIEGEL
An examination of the optical properties and radiative transfers in natural waters. Applications discussed include modeling of solar radiation penetrat ion, reflection and transmittance at the air-sea interface and ocean color remote sensing.
GEOG 262. Upper Ocean Physical Processes
(4) SIEGEL, WASHBURN
Prerequisite: Geography 263.
Enrollment Comments: May be repeated with changes in content and methods.
Detailed studies of upper ocean dynamics and physical processes. Topics may include mesoscale dynamics, mixed layer modeling, radiative transfer, turbu lent mixing processes, and internal waves.
GEOG 263. Introduction to Physical Oceanography
(4) SIEGEL, WASHBURN
A graduate-level introduction to physical oceanography. Topics discussed in clude: properties of sea water, derivation and application of the equations of motion for a rotating planet, and the dynamics of wind- and buoyancy-dri ven general circulation.
GEOG 264. Seminar in Oceanography
(2) SIEGEL; WASHBURN
Prerequisite: Geography 163 or 263; and, Geography 265; or permission of instructor
Graduate seminar in physical, optical, biogeochemical,and biological ocea nography
GEOG 266. Introduction to Atmospheric Sciences
(4) CARVALHO, JONES
Prerequisite: Graduate standing.
Fundamentals in atmospheric processes that are important for understanding the role of the atmosphere in earth's climate and biogeochemistry. Graduate -level introduction to radiation, dynamics, clouds, chemistry, and how they interact.
GEOG 267. Chemical Oceanography
(4) LEA; DEVRIES
Prerequisite: Chemistry 1C; graduate standing.
An introduction to the chemistry of the oceans. Topics include compositio n and chemical equilibria of seawater, biogeochemical cycling, sediment ch emistry, atmospheric exchange, circulation and rates of mixing based on chemical tracers, and the impact of ocean chemistry on climate change.
GEOG 268. Seminar in Ocean Biogeochemistry
(4) DEVRIES, SIEGEL
Repeat Comments: May be repeated for credit with changes in content.
Discussion of current or seminal papers or selected topics in the field o f marine biogeochemistry. Content may vary depending on student interest. Student presentations required.
GEOG 275. Seminar in Geographical Information Systems
(4) GOODCHILD
Study of current trends in geographically oriented information processing systems.
GEOG 276. Geographical Time Series Analysis
(3) WASHBURN
Prerequisite: Geography 172.
Enrollment Comments: Not open for credit to students who have completed Geography 276B.
Introduction to time series analysis in geography. Topics include spatial a nd temporal sampling, fast Fourier transform techniques, linear systems, an d digital filtering.
GEOG 277. Spatial Environmental Modeling
(4) ROBERTS
Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.
Enrollment Comments: May be repeated for credit provided topics are different.
Seminar covering topics in spatial environmental modeling. Integrates techn iques such as remote sensing and GIS into the modeling of spatial processes . Topics include biogeochemical cycles, hydrology, species distribution and habitat disturbance.
GEOG 278. Practice of Geostatistical Modeling of Spatial Data
(5) KYRIAKIDIS
Prerequisite: Geography 172 or equivalent, and Geography 274.
Enrollment Comments: Not open for credit to students who have completed Geography 276A.
Practice of geostatistics on large environmental data sets using MATLAB. Me thods for modeling spatial patterns, integrating spatial data across multip le spatial scales, and simulating complex spatial distributions.
GEOG 280. Seminar on Climate Change
(2-4) CARVALHO, SIEGEL
A series of lectures and seminars on diverse research topics on climate cha nge.
GEOG 281A. GIScience Research
(4) CLARKE
Enrollment Comments: Concurrently offered with Geog 181A.
Introduction to GIScience as an academic research field, conducted throug h review, discussion, and presentation of seminal works from leading jour nals. Labs reinforce and develop students' existing techniques on proble ms of research- level difficulty in spatial analysis, cognition and mobile GIS.
GEOG 281B. GIScience Studies
(4) CLARKE
Enrollment Comments: Concurrently offered with Geog 181B. Quarters usually offered: Spring.
Builds on previous course through in-depth examination of topics chosen b y interests of leading professor. Labs emphasize development of advanced spatial analytical skills, cutting edge visualization techniques and spat io-temporal modeling. Course concludes with an individual GIScience pr oject.
GEOG 288AAZZ. Special Topics in Geography
(2-4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Graduate students only.
Geographic curriculum content that lies outside regularly scheduled courses . New classes under development or taught temporarily. Course number-letter combination reflects instructor. Content varies.
GEOG 288CJ. Special Topics in Geography
GEOG 288HC. Special Topics in Geography
GEOG 288JM. Special Topics in Geography
GEOG 288KJ. Special Topics in Geography
GEOG 288LC. Special Topics in Geography
GEOG 288LW. Special Topics in Geography
GEOG 288WK. Special Topics in Geography
GEOG 291. Optimization Models for Geographic Problems
(4) CHURCH
Prerequisite: Mathematics 3A or 5A or 34A.
Survey of advanced optimization techniques with applications to geographica l problems. Methods include advanced topics in linear programming, dynami c programming, integer programming, networks, and queuing.
GEOG 294. Advanced Topics in Location and Transportation Systems
(4) CHURCH
Prerequisite: Geography 190 or 191 or 291.
Enrollment Comments: May be repeated with changes in content, methods, and application areas examined.
Study of current research and application of systems models in the analysis , design, operation, and scheduling of transport and location problems.
GEOG 295. Advanced Topics in Pedology
(4) CHADWICK
Prerequisite: Geography 209.
Enrollment Comments: May be repeated for credit with changes in content, methods, and applications areas examined.
Intensive reading and discussions of current topics in soil-geomorphology, soil-geochemistry, and quantitative modeling of soil processes.
GEOG 500. Teaching Assistant Training
(2) STAFF
Course for new teaching assistants to examine geographic teaching methods and classroom procedures. Emphasis on use of equipment and facilities in the department, teaching aids, lectures, exams, grading, student advising , and special problems. Repeatable.
GEOG 596. Directed Reading and Research
(2-8) STAFF
Prerequisite: Consent of instructor and graduate advisor.
Enrollment Comments: No more than half the graduate units necessary for the Master's Degree may be taken in Geography 596. Preparation, 2-8 hours.
Individual tutorial. Instructor is usually student's major professor.
GEOG 597. Individual Study for Ph.D. Examinations
(1-12) STAFF
Prerequisite: Consent of instructor and graduate advisor.
Enrollment Comments: S/U grade. Maximum of 12 per quarter; enrollment limited to 24 units total.Variable hours.
Instructor should be student's major professor or chair of the doctoral com mittee.
GEOG 598. Master's Thesis Research and Preparation
(1-12) STAFF
Prerequisite: Consent of instructor and graduate advisor.
Enrollment Comments: S/U grading. Preparation, 1-12 hours.
Research toward and writing of thesis.
GEOG 599. Ph.D. Dissertation Research and Preparation
(1-12) STAFF
Prerequisite: Consent of instructor and graduate advisor.
Enrollment Comments: S/U grading. Preparation, 1-12 hours.
Research toward and writing of dissertation. Instructor should be chair of student's doctoral committee.

 
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Collapse Courses Lower Division 
GEOG W 8. Living with Global Warming
(4) GAUTIER
Overview of global warming and climate change processes. Description of c omplex relationships between scientific, technological, economic, social, political, and historical facets of global warming and climate change. In troduction to the concept and practice of climate modeling.
GEOG W 12. Maps and Spatial Reasoning
(4) CLARKE, JANOWICZ, STAFF
Enrollment Comments: Quarters usually offered: Spring, Summer, Fall.
Surveys properties of maps, emphasizing map use and interpretation. Lectu re topics include map abstraction, generalization, map projections, and s ymbolization. Special purpose maps, thematic maps, and the display of qua ntitative and qualitative information is considered.