UC Santa Barbara General CatalogUniversity of California, Santa Barbara

Spanish and Portuguese

Division of Humanities and Fine Arts
Phelps Hall 4206

Undergraduate Advisor: : Elena Baez
Telephone: (805) 893-3161
Undergraduate e-mail: ebaez@ucsb.edu

Graduate Program Coordinator: Tyler McMullen
Telephone: (805) 893-2131 
Graduate e-mail: tylermcmullen@ucsb.edu 

Website: www.spanport.ucsb.edu
Department Chair: Silvia Bermudez
E-mail: bermudez@spanport.ucsb.edu


 

Some courses displayed may not be offered every year. For actual course offerings by quarter, please consult the Quarterly Class Search or GOLD (for current students). To see the historical record of when a particular course has been taught in the past, please visit the Course Enrollment Histories.

Portuguese
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PORT 1. Elementary Portuguese
(4) STAFF
Enrollment Comments: No credit can be earned if more advanced credit in the language has alreadybeen awarded. Students enrolled in an inappropriate level will be assisted in re-enrolling in the proper course.
Beginning course in Portuguese establishing fundamental auditory and oral skills, with secondary practice in reading and writing, pronunciation, intensive oral practice. Includes laboratory work.
PORT 2. Elementary Portuguese II
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Portuguese 1, or Portuguese 16A, with a grade of P or a grade of C or higher.
Enrollment Comments: No credit can be earned if more advanced credit in the language has alreadybeen awarded. Students enrolled in an inappropriate level will be assisted in re-enrolling in the proper course.
Continues activities commenced with Portuguese 1.
PORT 3. Elementary Portuguese III
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Portuguese 2 with a grade of P or a grade of C or higher.
Enrollment Comments: No credit can be earned if more advanced credit in the language has alreadybeen awarded. Students enrolled in an inappropriate level will be assisted in re-enrolling in the proper course.
Repeat Comments: Not open for credit to students who have completed Portuguese 16B.
Completes the basic study of the elements of the language.
PORT 4. Intermediate Portuguese
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Portuguese 3 or Portuguese 16B, either class must be passed with a grade of P or a grade of C or higher.
Enrollment Comments: No credit can be earned if more advanced credit in the language has alreadybeen awarded. Students enrolled in an inappropriate level will be assisted in re-enrolling in the proper course.
Begins review of basic grammar and syntax.
PORT 5. Intermediate Portuguese
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Portuguese 4 with a grade of P, or a grade of C or higher.
Enrollment Comments: No credit can be earned if more advanced credit in the language has alreadybeen awarded. Students enrolled in an inappropriate level will be assisted in re-enrolling in the proper course.
Continues review of basic grammar and syntax.
PORT 6. Intermediate Portuguese
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Portuguese 5 with a grade of P, or a grade of C or higher.
Enrollment Comments: No credit can be earned if more advanced credit in the language has alreadybeen awarded. Students enrolled in an inappropriate level will be assisted in re-enrolling in the proper course.
An intensive course designed to develop students' skills in reading and oral and written expression by reading and discussing Luso-Brazilian texts and writing compositions on related topics.
PORT 8A. Portuguese Conversation
(2) STAFF
Informal conversation hour. Courses conducted entirely in Portuguese.
PORT 8B. Portuguese Conversation
(2) STAFF
Informal conversation hour. Courses conducted entirely in Portuguese.
PORT 16A. Portuguese for Spanish Speakers
(4) STAFF
Recommended Preparation: Fluency in Spanish or other Romance language.
Enrollment Comments: No credit can be earned if more advanced credit in the language has alreadybeen awarded. Students enrolled in an inappropriate level will be assisted in re-enrolling in the proper course.
An intensive introductory sequence in Portuguese covering the first full year of Portuguese grammar and also advanced readings in Portuguese. Uses the grammatical structures of the Romance languages, especially Spanish, as a point of departure. Proficiency in all areas of Portuguese (reading, writing, listening, and speaking) are emphasized.
PORT 16B. Portuguese for Spanish Speakers II
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Portuguese 16A with a grade of P or a grade of C or higher.
Recommended Preparation: Fluency in Spanish or other Romance language.
Enrollment Comments: No credit can be earned if more advanced credit in the language has alreadybeen awarded. Students enrolled in an inappropriate level will be assisted in re-enrolling in the proper course.
Repeat Comments: Not open for credit to students who have completed Portuguese 3.
Intensive introductory sequence in Portuguese covering the first full year of Portuguese grammar and advanced readings in Portuguese. Uses grammatical structures of the Romance languages, especially Spanish, as point of departure. Proficiency in all areas of Portuguese (reading, writing, listening, speaking) are emphasized.
PORT 31. Literatures of the Portuguese Speaking World
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: No prerequisites
Explores representative texts from one or more literatures from Brazil, Portugal, Africa, India, and/or other literary expressions of the Portuguese Speaking World. Texts and topic to be selected by instructor.
Collapse Courses Upper Division 
PORT 102A. Advanced Grammar and Composition
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Study of the finer points of Portuguese grammar and syntax. Equal stress isplaced on written and oral practice of the language. The work in class willconsist of careful study of essays and articles.
PORT 102B. Advanced Grammar and Composition
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Study of the finer points of Portuguese grammar and syntax. Equal stress isplaced on written and oral practice of the language. The work in class willconsist of careful study of essays and articles.
PORT 105. Survey of Portuguese Literature from the Middle Ages to the Present
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing
A survey of the main writers of Portuguese Literature from its beginnings up to the present. Designed to give the student historical, cultural and literary contexts, a chronological panel, in order to prepare the student for more specific and focused courses within the area of Portuguese. Also prepares the student for understanding these contexts in order to apply the knowledge acquired in this survey to other fields of interest.
PORT 105A. Survey of Portuguese Literature
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Portuguese literature from its origins to the sixteeth century.
PORT 105B. Survey of Portuguese Literature
(4) OLIVER
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Portuguese literature of the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries.
PORT 105C. Survey of Portuguese Literature
(4) OLIVER
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Portuguese literature of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
PORT 106. Survey of Brazilian Literature from its Beginnings to the Present
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
A survey of the main works of literature produced in Brazil and about Brazil from its beginnings up to the present. Involves travel literature about Brazil, written in the sixteenth century, at the time of its discovery, as well as the literature produced in Brazil up to the present, represented by significant authors and periods. Designed to give the student a historical, cultural and literary context, a chronological panel, in order to prepare the student for more specific and focused courses within the area of Portuguese. Also prepares the student for the understanding of cultural contexts in order to apply the knowledge acquired in this survey to other fields of interest.
PORT 106A. Survey of Brazilian Literature
(4) VALARINI OLIVER
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Recommended Preparation: Portuguese 6 or equivalent.
A thorough overview of the Colonial Period in Brazil, from travel literature to the Baroque (literature, music, architecture, visual arts) and beyond. The course also provides a full context of Brazilian history, covering colonialism, politics, economy, and more.
PORT 106B. Survey of Brazilian Literature
(4) VALARINI OLIVER
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Recommended Preparation: Portuguese 6 or equivalent.
Engages with one of the most exciting periods in Brazilian literature and culture: the Brazil of the 19th century. Students learn how and why to read literature. Students learn about, and engage with, literary genres (novel, poetry, short story, etc.), and read some of the most important works written in Brazilian literature (Romanticism, Realism, Naturalism, Symbolism, etc.).
PORT 106C. Survey of Brazilian literature
(4) VALARINI OLIVER
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Recommended Preparation: Portuguese 6 or equivalent.
From Modernism to Contemporary literature, this is one of the most exciting periods in Brazilian culture. Students delve deep into Modernist literature, visual arts, music, and architecture. The course also engages with literary texts, and teaches students how to read and appreciate the literature written in the 20th ad 21st centuries.
PORT 108. How to Read and Why: Brazilian Literature and More
(4) OLIVER
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Students are exposed to readings of aesthetic and cultural value, such as literature in all its genres: poetry, short story, crônicas, novels, memorials etc. Also introduces students to the basic concepts of literary theory and aesthetics, and to some specific literary genres like travel literature and satire. Students will acquire skills to engage critically with other aesthetic forms, like the visual arts and architecture, as well as engaging with philosophical texts.
PORT 114. Literature of the Portuguese Expansion
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Literary masterpieces of the Portuguese Golden Age (fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, and part of the seven- teenth century): chronicles of the discoveries, the epic poem Os Lusiadas by Camoes, dramatic narratives of shipwrecks--all translated into English.
PORT 115AAZZ. Brazilian Literature (in English Translation)
(4) OLIVER
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Enrollment Comments: May be repeated for credit to a maximum of 8 units provided letter designations are different.
Significant writers and poets of nineteenth and twentieth century Brazil. Topic or author to be chosen by faculty member. Each course on different topics. Taught in English.
PORT 115A. Brazilian Literature in English Translation
PORT 115AA. Brazilian Literature (in English Translation)
PORT 115B. Brazilian Literature (in English Translation)
PORT 115BB. Brazilian Literature (in English Translation)
PORT 115EE. Brazilian Literature (in English Translation)
PORT 116. Portuguese Literature in Translation
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
A broad overview of Modern and Contemporary Portuguese literature, in English translation. It investigates the relationship between literature and society in novels, short-stories, poems, and essays produced between the Modernist period and the present. Taught in English.
PORT 125A. Artistic and Interdisciplinary Approaches to Portuguese Language Countries
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
The distinctive features of Portugal, Brazil, and African countries as manifested in institutions, art, music, and literature. Taught in English
PORT 125B. Culture and Civilization of Brazil
(4) VALARINI OLIVER, ELIDE
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Provides students with tools to understand, discuss, and learn many aspects of Brazilian culture. From the beginning, the complexities involved in the Portuguese colonization, the special conjuncture bringing the Portuguese Royal family to Rio de Janeiro, and the circumstances involving the formation of Brazil and Brazilians, make Brazilian culture one of the most complex in the whole of the Americas. Students engage with important texts and materials that provide a full perspective of Brazilian culture.
PORT 128AAZZ. Luso-Brazilian Cinema
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Enrollment Comments: May be repeated for credit to a maximum of 8 units provided letter designations are different.
Portuguese and Brazilian films of the past forty years both as an art medium and as a document of changing society. Topic or author to be chosen by faculty member; each course on a different topic. Taught in English.
PORT 128AA. Luso-Brazilian Cinema
PORT 128C. Luso-Brazilian Cinema
PORT 128D. Luso-Brazilian Cinema
PORT 128RB. Luso-Brazilian Cinema
PORT 129AAZZ. Portuguese Cinema
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Repeat Comments: May be repeated for credit to a maximum of 20 units, provided letter designations are different.
Portuguese films of the past forty years both as an art medium and as a document of changing society. Topic or author to be chosen by faculty member; each course on a different topic. Taught in English.
PORT 129A. Portuguese Cinema
PORT 129B. Portuguese Cinema
PORT 129C. Portuguese Cinema
PORT 130AAZZ. Brazilian Cinema
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Repeat Comments: May be repeated for credit to a maximum of 20 units, provided letter designations are different.
Brazilian films of the past 40 years both as an art medium and as a document of changing society. Topic or author to be chosen by faculty member; each course of a different topic. Taught in English.
PORT 130A. Brazilian Cinema
PORT 130B. Brazilian Cinema
PORT 130C. Brazilian Cinema
PORT 183AAZZ. Studies in Portuguese Literatures
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Enrollment Comments: May be repeated to a maximum of 20 units provided the letter designation isdifferent.
Topic or author to be chosen by faculty member; each course on a different topic.
PORT 183A. Studies in Portuguese Literatures
PORT 183B. Studies in Portuguese Literature
PORT 183BP. Studies in Portuguese Literature
PORT 183C. Studies in Portuguese Literature
PORT 183D. Studies in Portuguese Literature
PORT 183E. Studies in Portuguese Literatures
PORT 183G. Studies in Portuguese Literature
PORT 183J. Studies in Portuguese Literatures
PORT 183M. Studies in Portuguese Literature
PORT 183P. Studies in Portuguese Literature
PORT 183R. Studies in Portuguese Literature
PORT 183S. Studies in Portuguese Literature
PORT 183T. Studies in Portuguese Literature
PORT 183U. Studies in Portuguese Literatures
PORT 183W. Postcolonial Lusophone Africa
PORT 189. Brazilian Modernism
(4) VALARINI OLIVER, ELIDE
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Recommended Preparation: Portuguese 6 or equivalent.
Dedicated to all the aspects of the Movimento Modernista. Provides a full picture and perspective, not only of important productions from Brazilian Literature (theater, novel, poetry, short story, and crônicas), but also of Modernism in visual arts, architecture, music, and more. Students learn how to critically read literature, and delve into some of the most important works by some of the most important writers and artists in Brazil. Extends up to the contemporary scene in the Brazilian letters and culture.
PORT 193. Capstone Seminar
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Enrollment Comments: Concurrently offered with Portuguese 293.
The Capstone Seminar offers outstanding Portuguese Majors the opportunity to conduct research alongside M.A. and Ph.D. students in the Department of Spanish and Portuguese. The course aims to improve the students' critical thinking and ability to analyze and contextualize primary and secondary sources within Brazilian and Portuguese Literature. Students learn to identify and locate reliable sources, compile and present bibliographical data in a consistent format, and improve their ability to write scholarly prose in clear, idiomatic Portuguese.
PORT 195. Senior Honors Independent Research
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Admission to the Portuguese senior honors program.
The student engages in research leading to a paper of considerable depth and complexity on a topic dealing with the literature and/or languageof Portugal, Brazil, or Portuguese-speaking Africa.
PORT 199. Independent Studies in Portuguese
(1-5) STAFF
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing; completion of 2 upper-division courses in Portuguese; consent of department.
Enrollment Comments: Students must have a minimum 3.0 GPA average for the preceding 3 quarters and are limited to 5 units per quarter and 30 units total in all 98/99/198/199/199AA-ZZ courses combined.
Independent studies in selected subjects not covered by course offerings.
Collapse Courses Graduate 
PORT 205A. Survey of Portuguese Literature for Spanish Graduate Students
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Portuguese 105A or concurrent attendance.
From origins to sixteenth century. Students will write an extensive paper and be responsible for additional readings to enrich their preparation and ready them for their Ph.D. examinations.
PORT 205B. Survey of Portuguese Literature for Spanish Graduate Students
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Portuguese 105B or concurrent attendance.
Sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries. Students will write an extensive paper and be responsible for additional readings to enrich their preparation and ready them for their Ph.D. examinations.
PORT 212. Approaches and Methods for Research in Hispanic Literature and Linguistics
(4) RAPOSO
Prerequisite: Graduate standing.
Enrollment Comments: Concurrently offered with SPAN 212.
Approaches and methods for research in Hispanic and Luso-Brazilian literature and linguistics. Study of main bibliographic resources with particular emphasis on computer-aided research and resulting in the production of a substantive research project proposal in a field of graduate research.
PORT 255. Studies on Machado de Assis and the Brazilian Novel
(4) OLIVER
Enrollment Comments: Course content may vary from quarter to quarter and may be repeated for credit with the consent of the department graduate adviser.
Machado de Assis' novelistic work; its innovative approach as a basis of modern fiction. Other novelists of his time will also be studied.
PORT 265. Studies on Fernando Pessoa and the Avant-Garde
(4) STAFF
Enrollment Comments: Course content may vary from quarter to quarter and may be repeated for credit with the consent of the department graduate adviser.
Pessoa's poetry, its influence on contemporary Portuguese poetry, and its relationship to the world avant-garde movement.
PORT 283. Individual Luso-Brazilian Authors and Special Topics
(4) OLIVER
Enrollment Comments: Course may be repeated for a total of 24 units (6 courses, each a differentauthor).
Intensive study on the work of an individual Luso-Brazilian author, to be chosen by the instructor.
PORT 283A. Individual Luso-Brazilian Authors and Special Topics
PORT 283C. Individual Luso-Brazilian Authors and Special Topics
PORT 283CD. Individual Luso-Brazilian Authors and Special Topics
PORT 283S. Individual Luso-Brazilian Authors and Special Topics
PORT 293. Capstone Seminar
(4) STAFF
Enrollment Comments: Concurrently offered with PORT 193.
The Capstone Seminar offers the graduate students from the Spanish and Portuguese Department the opportunity to conduct research alongside upstanding seniors who seek to obtain distinction in the Portuguese major. The course offers MAs and PhDs the opportunity to hone their critical thinking, oral, and writing skills. It also allows the graduate students the chance to mentor their undergraduate classmates by teaching them to analyze and contextualize primary and secondary sources within Lusophone Literature.
PORT 295A. Research Seminar in Portuguese and Brazilian Literature
(4) STAFF
Primarily intended to train students in techniques, background materials and selection of topics.
PORT 295B. Research Seminar in Portuguese and Brazilian Literature
(4) STAFF
Comlpetion of research paper, reporting regularly to class on progress of work.
PORT 590. Spanish Teaching Methodology
(4) MARQUES-PASCUAL
Prerequisite: Graduate standing and appointment as a teaching assistant or student associin Portuguese.
Preparation of students to conduct intitial research in areas related to Applied Linguistics, and the application of both theoretical and practical considerations of the current literature on actual teaching.
PORT 591. Teaching Assistant Practicum
(4) MARQUES-PASCUAL
Enrollment Comments: Units earned do not apply toward completion of advanced degrees. S/U grading only. Required of all teaching assistants in Portuguese.
Supervised teaching of lower-division Portuguese courses at UCSB. Participation in occasional workshops related to the field of teaching willbe required.
PORT 592. Teaching Associate Practicum
(4) MARQUES-PASCUAL
Enrollment Comments: Units earned do not apply toward completion of advanced degrees. S/U grading only. Required of all student associates in Portuguese.
Supervised teaching of lower-division Portuguese courses at UCSB. Participation in occasional workshops related to the field of teaching willbe required.
PORT 593. Research Assistant Practicum
(2-4) STAFF
Enrollment Comments: Units earned do not apply toward completion of advanced degree. S/U gradingonly.
Supervised research in Luso-Brazilian literature, linguistics, or culture.
PORT 594. Special Topics
(1-4) STAFF
A special seminar on research subjects of current interest.
PORT 596. Directed Reading and Research
(2-4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Consent of the program advisor.
Individual tutorial. A written proposal for each tutorial must be approved by student's program adviser and by the department chair. The number of units which a student may take in this series depends on the nature of the program and the consent of the adviser or the departmental graduate committee.
PORT 597AAZZ. Individual Study for Master's Comprehensive or Ph.D. Examinations
(2-12) STAFF
Enrollment Comments: S/U grading. No unit credit allowed toward advanced degree.
Individual study for Master's comprehensive or Ph.D. examinations. Individual study under instructor who is member of the student's program committee.
PORT 597AA. Individual Study for Master's Comprehensive or Ph.D. Examinations
PORT 599AAZZ. Ph.D. Dissertation Research and Preparation
(2-12) STAFF
Prerequisite: Graduate standing.
Enrollment Comments: S/U grading only.
Ph.D. dissertation research and preparation. Research and writing of the dissertation. Instructor should be the chair of the student's doctoral committee.
PORT 599AA. Ph.D. Dissertation Research and Preparation

 
Spanish
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Collapse Courses Lower Division 
SPAN 1. Elementary Spanish I
(4) STAFF
Enrollment Comments: No credit can be earned if more advanced credit in the language has alreadybeen awarded. Students enrolled in an inappropriate level will be assisted in re- enrolling in the proper course.
Students will learn to use Spanish for communication in real, meaningful situations. This course will develop an understanding of basic grammatical concepts along with obtaining an appreciation of the various cultures of the Spanish-speaking world. The course follows a communicative approach and class time is primarily used for communication practice and Spanish will be spoken in class 99% of the time. By the end of this course students are expected to develop proficiency at the Novice-mid level.
SPAN 1SS. Intensive Elementary Spanish I
(4) STAFF
Enrollment Comments: No credit can be earned if more advanced credit in the language has already been awarded. Students enrolled in an inappropriate level will be assisted in re-enrolling in the proper course.
Students will learn to use Spanish for communication in real, meaningful situations. This course will develop an understanding of basic grammatical concepts along with obtaining an appreciation of the various cultures of the Spanish-speaking world. The course follows a communicative approach and class time is primarily used for communication practice and Spanish will be spoken in class 99% of the time. By the end of this course students are expected to develop proficiency at the Novice-mid level.
SPAN 2. Elementary Spanish II
(4) STAFF
Recommended Preparation: Same course as Span W2 and Span 2SS. Not open for additional units of credit to students who have completed Span W 2 or Span 2SS.
Enrollment Comments: No credit can be earned if more advanced credit in the language has alreadybeen awarded. Students enrolled in an inappropriate level will be assisted in re- enrolling in the proper course.
Students will learn to use Spanish for communication in real, meaningful situations. This course will develop an understanding of basic grammatical concepts along with obtaining an appreciation of the various cultures of the Spanish-speaking world. The course follows a communicative approach and class time is primarily used for communication practice and Spanish will be spoken in class 99% of the time. By the end of this course students are expected to develop proficiency at the Novice-high level.
SPAN 2HY. Accelerated Elementary Spanish I
(5) MARQUES-PASCUAL
Recommended Preparation: At least two years of high school Spanish or equivalent preparation.
Enrollment Comments: Quarters usually offered: Winter. No credit can be earned if more advanced credit in the language has already been awarded. Students enrolled in an inappropriate level will be assisted in re-enrolling in the proper course.
Repeat Comments: Not open for credit to students who have completed Spanish 2 or Spanish 2SS.
Face-to-face classroom contact combined with online work. SPAN 2HY and 3HY form a two-course series equivalent to the SPAN 1, 2, 3 Elementary Spanish series. Intended for students with at least 2 years of high school Spanish.
SPAN 2SS. Intensive Elementary Spanish II
(4) STAFF
Recommended Preparation: No credit can be earned if more advanced credit in the language has alreadybeen awarded. Students enrolled in an inappropriate level will be assisted in re-enrolling in the proper course.
Enrollment Comments: Same course as Span 2 and Span W 2. No credit will be awarded for studentswho have completed Span 2 or Span W 2.
Students will learn to use Spanish for communication in real, meaningful situations. This course will develop an understanding of basic grammatical concepts along with obtaining an appreciation of the various cultures of the Spanish speaking world. The course follows a communicative approach and class time is primarily used for communication practice and Spanish will be spoken in class 99% of the time. By the end of this course students are expected to develop proficiency at the Novice-high level.
SPAN 3. Elementary Spanish III
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Spanish 2 with a grade of P or a grade of C or higher.
Enrollment Comments: No credit can be earned if more advanced credit in the language has alreadybeen awarded. Students enrolled in an inappropriate level will be assisted in re-enrolling in the proper course.
Repeat Comments: Not open for credit to students who have taken SPAN 3HY.
Students will learn to use Spanish for communication in real, meaningful situations. This course will develop an understanding of basic grammatical concepts along with obtaining an appreciation of various cultures of the Spanish-speaking world. The course follows a communicative approach and class time is primarily used for communication practice; Spanish will be spoken in class 99% of the time. By the end of this course students are expected to develop proficiency at the Novice-high or Intermediate-low level.
SPAN 3HY. Accelerated Elementary Spanish II
(5) MARQUES-PASCUAL
Prerequisite: Completion of Spanish 2 or Spanish 2HY with a grade of P, or a grade of C or higher.
Enrollment Comments: No credit can be earned if more advanced credit in the language has already been awarded. Students enrolled in an inappropriate level will be assisted in re-enrolling in the proper course.
Repeat Comments: Not open for credit to students who have completed Spanish 3, Spanish 3SS, or higher level courses.
Continuation of Span 2HY in areas of grammar and basic language skills. Face-to-face classroom contact combined with online work. SPAN 2HY and 3HY form a two-course series equivalent to the SPAN 1, 2, 3 Elementary Spanish series.
SPAN 3SS. Intensive Elementary Spanish III
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Spanish 2 or Spanish 2SS with a grade of P or a grade of C or higher.
Enrollment Comments: No credit can be earned if more advanced credit in the language has alreadybeen awarded. Students enrolled in an inappropriate level will be assisted in re-enrolling in the proper course.
Repeat Comments: Not open for credit to students who have taken SPAN 3HY.
Students will learn to use Spanish for communication in real, meaningful situations. This course will develop an understanding of basic grammatical concepts along with obtaining an appreciation of various cultures of the Spanish-speaking world. The course follows a communicative approach and class time is primarily used for communication practice; Spanish will be spoken in class 99% of the time. By the end of this course students are expected to develop proficiency at the Novice-high or Intermediate-low level.
SPAN 4. Intermediate Spanish I
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Spanish 3, Spanish 3SS, 3HY, with a grade of P or a grade of C or higher; or a score of 3 on the AP Spanish Language Examination; or a score of 3 on the AP Spanish Language & Culture Examination.
Enrollment Comments: No credit can be earned if more advanced credit in the language has alreadybeen awarded. Students enrolled in an inappropriate level will be assisted in re-enrolling in the proper course.
Begins review of basic grammar and syntax.
SPAN 4SS. Intensive Intermediate Spanish I
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Spanish 3, Spanish 3SS, 3HY, with a grade of P or a grade of C or higher; or a score of 3 on the AP Spanish Language Examination; or a score of 3 on the AP Spanish Language & Culture Examination.
Enrollment Comments: No credit can be earned if more advanced credit in the language has alreadybeen awarded. Students enrolled in an inappropriate level will be assisted in re-enrolling in the proper course.
Begins review of basic grammar and syntax, designed to develop the four fundamental skills: understanding, speaking, reading, writing. Course conducted in Spanish with emphasis on vocabulary building and use of Spanish in practical situations. Refinement of reading skills.
SPAN 5. Intermediate Spanish II
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Spanish 4 with a grade of P or a grade of C or higher; or a score of 4 on the AP Spanish Language Examination; or a score of 4 on the AP Spanish Language and Culture Examination; or a score of 3 on the AP Spanish Literature and Culture Examination.
Enrollment Comments: No credit can be earned if more advanced credit in the language has alreadybeen awarded. Students enrolled in an inappropriate level will be assisted in re-enrolling in the proper course.
Continues the review of basic grammar and syntax. Course conducted in Spanish.
SPAN 5SS. Intensive Intermediate Spanish II
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Spanish 4 with a grade of P or a grade of C or higher; or a score of 4 on the AP Spanish Language Examination; or a score of 4 on the AP Spanish Language and Culture Examination; or a score of 3 on the AP Spanish Literature and Culture Examination.
Enrollment Comments: No credit can be earned if more advanced credit in the language has alreadybeen awarded. Students enrolled in an inappropriate level will be assisted in re-enrolling in the proper course.
Continues the review of basic grammar and syntax begun in Spanish 4, developing the fundamental skills. More vocabulary and practical situations. A play and other supplementary materials are read for discussion and for increasing vocabulary.
SPAN 6. Intermediate Spanish III
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Spanish 5 with a grade of P or a grade of C or higher; or a score of 5 on the AP Spanish Language Examination; or a score of 5 on the AP Spanish Language and Culture Examination; or a score of 3 on the AP Spanish Literature Examination; or a score of 4 on the AP Spanish Literature and Culture Examination.
Enrollment Comments: No credit can be earned if more advanced credit in the language has alreadybeen awarded. Students enrolled in an inappropriate level will be assisted in re-enrolling in the proper course.
An intensive course designed to develop students' skills in reading, oral, and written expression by reading and discussing Hispanic texts, and writing compositions on related topics.
SPAN 6SS. Intensive Intermediate Spanish III
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Spanish 5 with a grade of P or a grade of C or higher; or a score of 5 on the AP Spanish Language Examination; or a score of 5 on the AP Spanish Language and Culture Examination; or a score of 3 on the AP Spanish Literature Examination; or a score of 4 on the AP Spanish Literature and Culture Examination.
Enrollment Comments: No credit can be earned if more advanced credit in the language has alreadybeen awarded. Students enrolled in an inappropriate level will be assisted in re-enrolling in the proper course.
An intensive course designed to develop students' skills in reading as wellas oral and written expression by reading and discussing Hispanic texts andwriting compositions on related topics.
SPAN 8A. Spanish Conversation
(2) STAFF
Prerequisite: Spanish 3, or A.P. score 3, or Spanish placement exam = 3.
Conversational practice through which the student learns idioms, conversational courtesies of the language, etc., and improves facility in speaking and understanding the spoken language.
SPAN 8B. Spanish Conversation
(2) STAFF
Prerequisite: Spanish 4, or A.P. score >= 4, or Spanish placement exam = 4, or Spanish 8A.
Conversational practice through which the student learns idioms, conversational courtesies of the language, etc., and improves facility in speaking and understanding the spoken language.
SPAN 16A. Spanish for Heritage Speakers
(4) STAFF
Enrollment Comments: No credit can be earned if more advanced credit in the language has alreadybeen awarded. Students enrolled in an inappropriate level will be assisted in re-enrolling in the proper course.
Addresses on a university level the needs and strengths of students with Spanish speaking background but no formal language training in Spanish speaking countries. Emphasizes skill in composition, advanced reading comprehension, standard versus vernacular usages, cross language interference, etc.
SPAN 16B. Spanish for Heritage Speakers
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: SPAN 16A
Enrollment Comments: No credit can be earned if more advanced credit in the language has alreadybeen awarded. Students enrolled in an inappropriate level will be assisted in re-enrolling in the proper course.
Addresses on university level the needs and strengths of students with Spanish speaking background but no formal language training in Spanish speaking countries. Emphasizes more complex skills in composition and advanced reading comprehension than Spanish 16A, as well as standard versus vernacular usages, cross language interferences, etc.
SPAN 25. Advanced Grammar and Composition
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Spanish 6 with a grade of P or a grade of C or higher; or a score of 4 or 5 on the AP Spanish Literature Examination; or a score of 5 on the AP Spanish Literature and Culture Examination.
Enrollment Comments: No credit can be earned if more advanced credit in the language has already been awarded. Designed for non-native speakers; not open to students who have scored a 1 on the Spanish Fluency Evaluation.
Intensive course taught in Spanish designed to reinforce students' comprehension and ability to express themselves in Spanish, both orally and in writing, and to develop the students' vocabularies and awareness of syntactical structures in the language.
SPAN 30. Introduction to Hispanic Literature
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Spanish 16B, OR SPANISH 25
Enrollment Comments: Not open for credit to students who have completed Spanish 102L.
Hispanic Literature in relation to literary problems in general. Such topics as:the functions of literature, literary periods, movements and trends. The analysis and interpretation of texts.
SPAN 31. Literatures of the Spanish Speaking World
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: None
Recommended Preparation: Not intended for Spanish majors/ minors
Enrollment Comments: Open to non-majors.
Explores representative texts from one or more literary periods such as the Middle Ages, the Golden Age, Colonial Latin American Literature, Modern and Contemporary Latin American Literature, and/or US Latino Literature. Texts and topics to be selected by instructors.
Collapse Courses Upper Division 
SPAN 100. Introduction to Hispanic Linguistics
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: SPAN 16B or SPAN 25 (may be taken concurrently).
Enrollment Comments: Prerequisite to all other upper-division courses in Hispanic linguistics.
Introduction to linguistic theories, methods, and problems as applied to Spanish. Taught in Spanish with Spanish examples.
SPAN 101. American Spanish
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Spanish 100.
Geographical, social, and stylistic distribution of phonemic, morphosyntactic, and lexical features in Spanish as spoken in Latin America.
SPAN 102A. Advanced Composition through Literature
(4) GONZALES-SMITH
Prerequisite: Spanish 6 or Spanish 25 or Spanish 16A or Spanish 16B.
Enrollment Comments: Required for teaching credential candidates with a major in Spanish.
The study of the finer points of Spanish grammar and syntax. Stress is placed on writing critical analyses of literary readings.
SPAN 102B. Advanced Composition through Literature
(4) GONZALES-SMITH
Prerequisite: Spanish 6 or Spanish 25 or Spanish 16A or Spanish 16B.
Enrollment Comments: Required for teaching credential candidates with major in Spanish.
The study of the finer points of Spanish grammar and syntax. Stress is placed on writing critical analyses of literary readings.
SPAN 103. Beyond Advanced Spanish Proficiency
(4) MARQUES-PASCUAL
Prerequisite: Spanish 16B or Spanish 25.
Designed to provide students who have completed Span 25 or Span 16B and one additional upper-division Spanish course with the opportunity to practice the four language skills: speaking, listening, reading, and writing. Students will practice different communicative skills, from defending an opinion to mastering transactions and exchanges.
SPAN 104. Teaching Spanish for Heritage Speakers
(4) MARQUES-PASCUAL
Prerequisite: Spanish 100.
Designed for students who have completed Span 100 and who are considering a teaching career. The course covers frequent issues encountered when working with students who have learned Spanish through their family history or place of origin.
SPAN 105. Spanish/English Contrasts
(4) MARQUES-PASCUAL
Prerequisite: Spanish 100.
The scope of this course is the Spanish language and its differences vis-a-vis English, ranging from pronunciation and grammar to word meaning, language use, and social and dialectical variation.
SPAN 109. Spanish in the United States: The Language and Its Speakers
(4) MARQUES-PASCUAL
Prerequisite: Spanish 100; Upper-division standing.
Study of Spanish used in United States by native and immigrant groups: Mexicans, Chicanos, Cubans, Puerto Ricans and others in Spanish-speaking enclaves. Focus on language and social and cultural manifestations arising in contact between linguistically different groups. Taught in Spanish.
SPAN 110A. Spanish Literature from the Beginning to the Present
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Spanish 102L or Spanish 30 (may be taken concurrently).
Medieval Spanish literature.
SPAN 110B. Spanish Literature from the Beginning to the Present
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Spanish 102L OR Spanish 30 (may be taken concurrently).
Golden age literature.
SPAN 110C. Spanish Literature from the Beginning to the Present
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Spanish 102L OR Spanish 30 (may be taken concurrently).
Eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Spanish literature.
SPAN 110D. Spanish Literature from the Beginning to the Present
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Spanish 102L OR Span 30. (Prerequisite may be taken concurrently).
Twentieth-century Spanish literature.
SPAN 111A. Spanish-American Literature from the Beginning to the Present
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Spanish 102L OR Span 30. (Prerequisite may be taken concurrently).
Colonial Spanish-American literature.
SPAN 111B. Spanish-American Literature from the Beginning to the Present
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Spanish 102L OR Span 30. (Prerequisite may be taken concurrently).
Nineteenth-century Spanish-American literature.
SPAN 111C. Spanish-American Literature from the Beginning to the Present
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Spanish 102L OR Span 30. (Prerequisite may be taken concurrently).
Twentieth-century Spanish-American literature.
SPAN 112A. Non-Castilian Literatures of Spain
(4) STAFF
Introduction to Spain?s medieval linguistic and cultural diversity through literary works written in such languages as Latin, Arabic, Hebrew, Mozarabic, Occitan, Catalan-Valencian, Galician-Portuguese and Galician. Texts read in Spanish or English translation.
SPAN 112B. Non-Castilian Literatures of Spain
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Spanish 6 or Spanish 16A
Introduction to Spain?s linguistic and cultural diversity in modern and contemporary times through literary works written in Asturian, Basque, Catalan and Galician. Texts read in Spanish translation.
SPAN 114A. The Spanish Language: A Linguistic Approach
(4) RAPOSO, MIGLIO,MARQUES-PASCUAL
Prerequisite: Spanish 100.
Study of the systematic aspects of language structure which make communication possible. Each quarter deals with a different aspect of the Spanish system, as follows: phonetics and phonemics.
SPAN 114B. The Spanish Language: A Linguistic Approach
(4) RAPOSO, MIGLIO,MARQUES-PASCUAL
Prerequisite: Spanish 100.
Study of the systematic aspects of language structure which make communication possible. Each quarter deals with a different aspect of the Spanish system, as follows: morphology and syntax.
SPAN 114C. The Spanish Language: A Linguistic Approach
(4) RAPOSO, MIGLIO,MARQUES-PASCUAL
Prerequisite: Spanish 100.
Study of the systematic aspects of language structure which make communication possible. Each quarter deals with a different aspect of the Spanish system, as follows: semantics.
SPAN 115. Introduction to Translation I
(4) ALVES FERREIRA
Prerequisite: Span 25 OR Span 16B
Enrollment Comments: Same course as Comparative Literature 102A.
Comprises topics necessary to develop skills that are needed for writing at a specialized level and to carry out written translation into and from Spanish, mostly texts on business and medical topics.
SPAN 116. Introduction to Interpreting
(4) ALVES FERREIRA
Prerequisite: SPAN 16B or SPAN 25 (may be taken concurrently)
Enrollment Comments: Same course as Comparative Literature 102B.
Comprised of topics necessary in developing skills for interpretation to and from Spanish. Intended mostly for proficient Spanish-language speakers.
SPAN 117A. Specialized Translation - Medical
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Spanish 115
Comprised of topics necessary in developing skills for writing at a specialized level, and with specialized vocabulary, for the medical profession.
SPAN 117B. Specialized Translation - Legal
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Enrollment Comments: Spanish 117B is the Spanish version of Spanish 117BE.
Repeat Comments: SPAN 117B is a legal repeat of SPAN 117BE.
Comprised of topics necessary in developing skills for writing at a specialized level, and with specialized vocabulary, for the legal profession.
SPAN 117C. Specialized Translation - Technical
(4) MIGLIO
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Enrollment Comments: Same course as Comparative Literature 102C and SPAN 117CE. SPAN 117C is theSpanish version of these courses.
Repeat Comments: SPAN 117C is a legal repeat of SPAN 117CE and C LIT 102C.
Comprised of topics necessary in developing skills for writing at a specialized level, and with specialized vocabulary and format, for the translation of different types of technical texts (instruction manuals, medical, patents, etc.).
SPAN 117D. Specialized Translation - Film Subtitling
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Spanish 115
Comprised of topics necessary in developing skills for translating subtitles.
SPAN 118A. Advanced Interpreting - Community Interpreting
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Spanish 116
Comprised of topics fundamental in developing skills for interpretation to and from Spanish for the Hispanic community.
SPAN 118B. Advanced Interpreting - Medical Interpreting
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Spanish 116
Comprised of topics fundamental in developing skills for interpretation to and from Spanish for the medical profession.
SPAN 118C. Advanced Interpreting - Legal & Court Interpreting
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Spanish 116
Comprised of topics fundamental in developing skills for interpretation to and from Spanish in a legal setting and for the courts.
SPAN 119A. Spanish Institutions and Culture
(4) CORTIJO
Prerequisite: Spanish 16A or 16B or 25 (may be taken concurrently).
Study of the development of the Spanish nation, with special focus on key social and political institutions, the arts and major currents of thought.
SPAN 120A. Contemporary Spanish-American Fiction (in English Translation)
(4) LEVINE, MCCRACKEN
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Reading and discussion of novels and short stories by Borges, Carpentier, Cortazar, Garcia Marquez, Vargas Ilosa, and others.
SPAN 120B. Contemporary Spanish-American Fiction (in English Translation)
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Reading and discussion of representative works of contemporary Mexican author, including Yanez, Rulfo, Fuentes, and others.
SPAN 121. Language and History in the Hispanic World
(4) CORTIJO
Prerequisite: Spanish 100.
The different languages spoken in the Hispanic world: their origins, development, convergence, divergence, and diffusion in relation to historical processes.
SPAN 122A. Medieval Spanish Literature
(4) CORTIJO
Prerequisite: Spanish 102L OR Span 30. (Prerequisite may be taken concurrently).
A detailed survey of the main trends in Spanish literature to 1500.
SPAN 122B. Medieval Spanish Literature
(4) CORTIJO
Prerequisite: Spanish 102L OR Span 30. (Prerequisite may be taken concurrently).
A detailed survey of the main trends in Spanish literature to 1500.
SPAN 123A. Hispanic Balladry
(4) CORTIJO
Prerequisite: Spanish 102L OR Span 30. (Prerequisite may be taken concurrently).
History of the Spanish ballad; Hispanic balladry in Spanish America, the United States, and among the Shepardic Jews.
SPAN 124. Psycholinguistics
(4) ALVES FERREIRA
Prerequisite: Spanish 25
An introduction to core areas of psycholinguistics: speech perception, word recognition, language comprehension, language production, first language acquisition, bilingualism, language disorders and aphasiology. Goals: 1)to introduce students to the key findings and central debates within psycholinguistic research and 2) to introduce students to the tools and methods of psycholinguistic research.
SPAN 125. Introduction to Romance Linguistics
(4) RAPOSO
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Enrollment Comments: Same course as Linguistics 175.
Illustrates principles of comparative-historical linguistic analysis by examining Romance languages (French, Portuguese, etc.) for similarities and differences, and tracing their evolution from Vulgar Latin.
SPAN 126. Spanish Cinema
(4) GRASSET
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Repeat Comments: Spanish 126 is a legal repeat of Spanish 126E.
Covers different periods of the Spanish cinema history and the way movies could represent the history and culture of the twentieth century in Spain.
SPAN 126E. Spanish Cinema
(4) GRASSET
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Enrollment Comments: Spanish 126E is the English version of Spanish 126.
Repeat Comments: Spanish 126E is a legal repeat of Spanish 126.
Covers different periods of the Spanish cinema history and the way movies could represent the history and culture of the twentieth century in Spain. Taught in English.
SPAN 129. Sociolinguistics of Iberian Languages
(4) FERREIRA
Prerequisite: Spanish 100.
Focus is on the social and cultural history of the different languages in the Iberian Peninsula, including Spanish - whether in Spain, Latin America or the U.S. The course analyzes and compares their present status within mostly bilingual communities.
SPAN 130. The Fantastic and Its Development in Spanish-American Short Story
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: A minimum grade of "C" in Spanish 102L, OR a minimum grade of "C" in Spanish 30.
Exploration of the multiple manifestations of the Fantastic in Spanish American short story from its origin, linked to nineteenth-century sensationalistic journalism, up to neofantastic mode appearing circa 1950, with its more epistemological goals.
SPAN 131. Spanish Golden Age Poetry I
(4) CORTIJO
Prerequisite: Spanish 102L OR Span 30. (Prerequisite may be taken concurrently).
Lyric poetry of the sixteenth century: Garcilaso, Luis de Leon, San Juan de La Cruz, and others.
SPAN 135. Survey of Chicano Literature
(4) LOMELI
Enrollment Comments: Same course as Chicano Studies 180.
The course encompasses a general overview of all genres (poetry, novel, theater, short story and essay) of Chicano literature. A people's socio-historical experiences are examined to understand ethnicity, creativity, and world view.
SPAN 136. Modern Mexican Literature
(4) LOMELI, POOT-HERRERA
Prerequisite: Spanish 102L OR Span 30. (Prerequisite may be taken concurrently).
Study of texts explaining the development of Mexican culture and literature. Topic and writers: modernism (from Gutierrez Najera to Tablada); the novel of the Mexican revolution (Azuela); and the modern essay (Alfonso Reyes and Octavio Paz).
SPAN 137A. Golden Age Drama
(4) CORTIJO, CABRANES-GRANT
Prerequisite: Spanish 102L OR Span 30. (Prerequisite may be taken concurrently).
The classic comedia, by Lope, Tirso, Alarcon, Calderon, and other dramatists.
SPAN 137B. Golden Age Drama
(4) CORTIJO, CABRANES-GRANT
Prerequisite: Spanish 102L OR Span 30. (Prerequisite may be taken concurrently).
The classic comedia, by Lope, Tirso, Alarcon, Calderon, and other dramatists.
SPAN 138. Contemporary Mexican Literature
(4) LOMELI, POOT-HERRERA
Prerequisite: Spanish 30 or Spanish 102L (may be taken concurrently).
Continued study of major trends in Mexican literature as evidenced in selected works of the following authors: the poetry of Lopez Velarde and Octavio Paz; the contemporaneos (Torres Bodet, Villaurrutia, Pellicer); and contemporary fiction (Yanez, Rulfo, Arreola, and Fuentes).
SPAN 139. U.S. Latino Literature
(4) MCCRACKEN
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Enrollment Comments: Spanish 139 is the Spanish version of Spanish 139E.
Repeat Comments: SPAN 139 is a legal repeat of SPAN 139E.
A comparative study of the literature and culture of the diverse Latino populations of the United States, including Chicano, Puerto Rican, Cuban-American, Dominican-American, and other U.S. Latino groups. Writers, genres, and periods vary from quarter to quarter, emphasizing salient examples of fiction, poetry, drama, the essay, film or art.
SPAN 139E. U.S. Latino Literature
(4) MCCRACKEN
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Enrollment Comments: SPAN 139E is the English version of SPAN 139.
Repeat Comments: SPAN 139E is a legal repeat of SPAN 139.
A comparative study of the literature and culture of the diverse Latino populations of the United States, including Chicano, Puerto Rican, Cuban-American, Dominican-American, and other U.S. Latino groups. Writers, genres, and periods vary from quarter to quarter, emphasizing salient examples of fiction, poetry, drama, the essay, film or art. Taught in English.
SPAN 140A. Cervantes: Don Quijote
(4) STAFF
Prerequisite: Spanish 102L OR Span 30. (Prerequisite may be taken concurrently).
Reading and discussion of the first and second parts of Don Quixote.
SPAN 140B. Cervantes: Don Quijote
(4) CORTIJO
Prerequisite: Spanish 102L OR Span 30. (Prerequisite may be taken concurrently).
Reading and discussion of the first and second parts of Don Quixote.
SPAN 141. Contemporary Indigenous Cultures of Mexico
(4) POOT-HERRERA
Prerequisite: Spanish 30 or Spanish 102L. (Prerequisite may be taken concurrently)
Examines the work of writers that have recently provided increased visibility to indigenous languages and cultures in contemporary Mexico, including Nahuatl, Zapotec, and Mayan.
SPAN 142. Cognition and Literature in Early Modern Spain
(4) CORTIJO
Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Explore some of the recent theories of cognition and their implication for the problematic links between reality and fiction, truth and falsity, and perception and knowledge in the Early Modern Period.
SPAN 143. Culture and Crisis
(4) GRASSET
Prerequisite: Spanish 30 or Spanish 102L (prerequisite may be taken concurrently).
Traces the ways in which literature represents crisis in different moments of the Spanish history. The course focuses on fundamental concepts like historical memory, bio politics, insecurity and anti-austerity movements in Contemporary Spain.
SPAN 144. Typology of Languages Spoken in the Iberian Peninsula
(4) MARQUES-PASCUAL, MIGLIO,RAPOSO
Prerequisite: Spanish 100
Recommended Preparation: Advanced knowledge of Spanish, knowledge of another language of the Iberianpeninsula.
Comparative study of the structural characteristics of all languages of the Iberian Peninsula (both the Romance languages - Catalan, Galician, Portuguese, Spanish - and Basque). Analysis of similarities and differences in their phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics.
SPAN 145. Spanish for Healthcare
(4) GONZALES-SMITH